Introduction Is cloning the way of the future? Well there are many arguments for and against it. In this case study I will be exploring the many different ways in which cloning can or can not be used in the future, discussing the many reasons for and against it. This investigation will study how cloning can affect us positively, when using it for medicine making it easier to replace faulty genes without the fear of rejection. As well as talking about the positive factors of cloning I will be talking about the cons.
The cons will include the ethnic dilemmas and the public opinions; I will be taking fair and non biases results. Further more I will be providing evidence on a successful type of cloning. I will be evoking on the different types of cloning some being: natural and non natural cloning however there are more. In addition I will be talking about therapeutic cloning, along with an example of cloning, ethnic dilemmas, the risks, how clones are created and I will be arguing about the positive and negative factors of cloning and weather or not I think it is going to be successful in the future.
Cloning Cloning is when organisms are genetically identical to another. Cloning is the creation of cells or a whole animals using DNA from a single parent by passing the normal reproductive process. The clone has identical DNA to the parent. (Picture taken from BBC BITE SIZE) Natural cloning Cloning is when an organism is genetically identical to one another, however is it unnatural? Well cloning has been done for many years, by plants and other animals, Natural has being cloning for nearly over a billon years, which, has just recently been acknowledged.
Cloning has been a natural occurrence when in plants as in the past may plants have been cloning through off shots, which is when the parent produces a off shot to identical to it’s own. Twins are examples of natural cloning, identical twins are created by one egg cell being fertilised by one sperm which then splits in two genetically identical halves. This is an example of natural cloning as the parents have created two children with the same or identical genes. An example of natural cloning. (taken from http://www. i-am-pregnant. com/images/identicaltwins.
jpg) Single celled organisms have been reproducing for many years by using asexual reproduction, through splitting, or dividing some types of single celled organisms are protozoa and other types of germs and disease, producing clones exactly like them This is an example of asexual reproduction, which is when a cell is able to grow big enough to split or divide to produce an exact clone. Plants are also able to reproduce asexually through a process called vegetative propagation, which is when a stem or root produces an exact replica of it’s self, being a clone.
As well as vegetative propagation, there are many other different ways plants produce clones of them selves, some maybe done by reproducing underground, such as some of our food sources for example onions and potatoes. Theses plants can be produced by off shots, which is when the plant produces a clone of and releases it next to it self. This gives us ideas of how successful cloning will be, and how it has been produced in the past and possible ways it may be produced in the future. How are clones created? As in the page above you should now know that there are different types of cloning, natural and unnatural.
Natural cloning is the process done by some animals and some plants; however scientists have generated new techniques to clone people to make our lives more efficient, by getting rid of some of our faulty genes perhaps and inherited disorders, and other problems. Clones are created when two organisms are genetically identical to one another, however in natural cloning both organisms are produced from an fertilised cell or by a single celled creature. In cloning done by scientists the fertilised egg is substituted with a donor body cell.
The process is done by obtaining a donor cell, which is then turned into an embryo through a process of taking out a nucleus of an egg cell and then fussing it. Firstly, an egg cell is taken from the required animal, then the nucleus is taken from the egg cell, called an enucleated, a body cell is taken from the donor, which is then effused together with the egg cell and the body cell nucleus, it is then stimulated and put into a womb which then grows into an embryo. We can use this process to develop other clones of people and use it as a modified medicine in the future.
Unnatural cloning Unnatural cloning is, when cloning does not occur naturally but it man made process as the scientist and doctor use a certain method to produce clones for certain purposes or for a certain reason. Unnatural cloning is the way we use cloning for our benefits and welfare, it can also be used in the future for other medical techniques. Unnatural has many reimbursement attached it giving us the opportunity to modify, create new ways of improving human medicine and removing faulty genes that many cause further damage to the body or disease. Is cloning unnatural
Well as you may already know there are different types of cloning, such as natural and unnatural cloning that takes place, however, when we are talking about, clones done for certain purposes, here is a question that constantly appears as we are left with the question of cloning being unnatural? Well I believe that cloning is not an unnatural process as, cloning has been carried out long ago with out any human consent and has been a regular occurrence, moreover we have been producing clones with out having it in mind as all identical twins are clones of one another.